The learning areas within the Primary classroom include a wide-ranging curriculum: practical life, sensorial activities, language, math and cultural studies (art and music, history and geography and science). Emphasis is given to the study of ecology and international studies. Ample opportunity is provided for the development of fine and gross motor skills.
When appropriate, a foreign language may be introduced. WCM recognizes the importance of the child’s finding harmony between mind and body during this period of early learning.
The purpose of the Sensorial lessons is to awaken the child to who he or she is as a person, and of the world in which he or she lives. With hands-on materials, the child is able to explore and experience each of the five senses and learn to recognize and distinguish subtle differences inherent in the activities. The abilities the child develops with the sensorial activities will enable him and her better understand the lessons in the language, math and cultural subjects.
The purpose of the Practical Life activities is to instill in the child a sense of order, independence, and respect for himself or herself, others and the surrounding environment. The materials and lessons prepare the child to care for himself or herself, other people and the environment on a daily basis. As the child works with these activities, he or she develops the concentration, coordination (particularly eye-hand coordination), and the motor skills needed in all other areas of learning.
The purpose of the Language area is to help the child learn to express himself or herself and to communicate with others both verbally and through the written word. The activities include hands-on materials to increase pre-reading skills, as well as books and paper and pencil, to introduce the child to higher skills and abstract concepts of language. The curriculum integrates all aspects of reading and writing and it promotes a clear understanding of the uses of language.
The purpose of the Math activities is to introduce the child to the symbols, quantities, properties, and uses of numbers. The hands-on materials and the sequence and order of the activities allow the child to explore mathematical concepts concretely and then, allow him or her to move easily into the abstract level of logical reasoning and the mathematical computation of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division as well as algebra, geometry, fractions and square roots, especially in the elementary classes.
The purpose of the Cultural lessons is to introduce the child to aspects of the world beyond himself and to broaden his life experience. Geography, history, science, art and music are presented to the child through various materials, projects, and experiences. The activities in each of these areas allow the child to learn about people, places, traditions and ideas of the world, to gain an understanding about the interconnectedness of the peoples of the world and to inspire him or her to have a positive effect upon the world.